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Memento Mori: Death and Art in the Late Middle Ages

 " Vita brevis breviter in brevi finietur, mors venit velociter quae neminem veretur, omnia mors perimit ainsi que nulli miseretur. Ad mortem festinamus sbagliare desistamus. ”1 Humans usually had a desire for the sombre, undoubtedly because it is one of the few points in life one will never fully understand; as creatures it is very hard to comprehend the idea of " being” no longer. This could be amplified much more widespread damage, which was the truth during, and, following the Black Death. Fine art often demonstrates the concerns of society at that time, and this was definitely the case in the late Middle Ages. Due to the extraordinary loss of life toll brought on by the Trouble, and the essentially nonexistent knowledge of the system of the spread of disease caused world to run away slightly away from traditional cortege of the cathedral and go towards even more fatalistic ideas. The Memento Mori and Transi Tombs exemplify the passion (with a side of healthy fear) European culture had with death following Plague. Memento mori, which translates to " Remember, you need to die”, had been devises used to remind among their own mortality. 2 Memento mori would not refer to one particular image, although applies to a complete collection of pictures or sayings. Often they are depicted as skulls or perhaps full skeletons, with wings or one hour glass. The wings or perhaps hour a glass illustrated the fleeting nature of time and just how quickly one's life can end. a few Time items themselves will often have key phrases such as " ultima forsan”4 or " vulnerant omnes, ultima necat”5. The phrase often used today, " tempus fugit”6 originated around this period. If is to examine much of the art made at this time, problem iconography will not be difficult to get. Death as well as the Miser by Hieronymus Bosh is a unique example of what could be known as " problem art. ” This piece of art seems to represent the frivolity of existence and the need for refraining from various sins, greed in particular....

23.08.2019

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