Rules on How to Write a Synthesis Paper

Writing any synthesis essay requires your ability to digest important information and present it in a well-organized manner. Check this guide that teachers students how to write a synthesis paper with no difficulties and remember these key points:

  • Understand the meaning of this assignment, research a topic and write a thesis;
  • Outline the structure of your paper and its review or background;
  • Write the first draft based on this outline;
  • Proofread and revise it.

Different Types of Synthesis Papers

Understand the concept of this paper because its basic purpose is to make insightful connections between multiple works or their parts, so you need to search for connections to form a solid perspective. There are different types of synthesis essays, such as:

  • Argument synthesis that has a strong thesis and organizes any information logically to support your point of view;
  • Review essay or a discussion of what has been written on the chosen topic previously while providing your critical analysis of relevant sources;
  • Background or explanatory synthesis that helps the audience understand a particular subject by categorizing relevant facts.

Helpful Preparatory Ideas and Tips

  • Choose any topic suitable for this assignment, but it should be broad enough, and some preliminary reading often helps students make this decision;
  • Find and read relevant and reliable sources carefully and develop a strong thesis statement;
  • It’s the main idea offered to readers in your synthesis paper, so it must encompass the chosen subject while stating your point of view;
  • Reread all sources to find helpful ideas to support a thesis, so look for stats, ideas, quotes, and facts.

How to Outline the Structure of Your Essay

You can choose a formal outline or create a detailed plan, but be sure to decide how to introduce materials to achieve the best effect. Use the following essay structure:

  • The introduction with an opening sentence that serves as your hook, thesis, and identification of the main problem that will be further discussed;
  • Body paragraphs with separate topic sentences, your explanations, and evidence that supports them;
  • The conclusion that states the importance of your topic and thesis.

How to write a synthesis paper and impress everyone? Use a more elaborate structure and such approaches as:

  • Examples and illustrations, including summaries, detailed recounts, and direct quotes;
  • Straw man is an effective technique used to present opposing arguments to show their flaws and weakness;
  • Concessions help readers acknowledge the validity of counterarguments while proving that your opinion is much stronger;
  • Compare and contrast structures require you to contrast differences and compare similarities between different sources or subjects to show their important facets.

Most synthesis assignments are focused only on stating and supporting an argument, but review and background essays are targeted at exploring valuable ideas found in reliable sources instead of proving a personal point of view. You can choose between the following structures:

  • Summaries of all relevant sources to make your argument stronger and provide evidence to support it;
  • Lists of reasons or sub-points supported by evidence.

What’s Next?

  • Write the first draft based on the chosen outline;
  • Write a synthesis paper in the third person;
  • Use transitions between all sections to make your text flow logically;
  • Revise your essay to improve transitions and strengthen your arguments;
  • Ask others to read this draft;
  • Proofread a final draft to fix all mistakes;
  • Cite the source materials used in your paper;
  • Title a synthesis essay to reflect its main point;
  • Get professional help when needed.

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